Prediction of Call Drops in GSM Network using Artificial Neural Network

*Olaonipekun Oluwafemi Erunkulu  -  Department of Computer Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
Elizabeth Nnonye Onwuka scopus  -  Department of Telecommunications Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
Okechukwu Ugweje scopus  -  Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Nigerian Turkish Nile University State, Nigeria
Lukman Adewale Ajao scopus  -  Department of Computer Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
Received: 13 Sep 2018; Revised: 30 Jan 2019; Accepted: 30 Jan 2019; Published: 31 Jan 2019; Available online: 31 Mar 2019.
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Section: Original Research Articles
Language: EN
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Global System for Mobile communication is a digital mobile system that is widely used in the world. Over the years, the number of subscribers has tremendously increased, the quality of service (Call Drop Rate) became an issue to consider as many subscribers were not satisfied with the services rendered. In this paper, we present the Artificial Neural Network approach to predict call drop during an initiated call. GSM parameters data for the prediction were acquired using TEMS Investigations software. The measurements were carried out over a period of three months. Post analysis and training of the parameters was done using the Artificial Neural Network to have an output of “0” for no-drop calls and “1” for drop calls. The developed model has an accuracy of 87.5% prediction of drop call. The developed model is both useful to operators and end users for optimizing the network.

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Keywords: Artificial Neural Network; call drop rate; Global System for Mobile communication; performance indicator; Quality of Service

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