Sistem Kontrol Frekuensi Optimal Pada Pembangkit Hibrid Wind-Diesel Dengan Imperialist Competitive Algorithm

Optimal Frequency Control System On Wind-Diesel Hybrid Generator With Imperialist Competitive Algorithm

Muhammad Ruswandi Djalal -  Department of Energy, Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang, Indonesia
Andi Imran -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia
Herlambang Setiadi -  Department of Electrical Engineering, Queensland University, Australia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer

Frequency load arrangement on wind-diesel hybrid power plants (PLTH) becomes a very important thing in order to support the performance of the plant. One method of setting the load frequency is to use additional controllers such as Proportional Integral Derivative (PID). The use of PID also has its own problems, such as adjusting the value of unoptimal gain. In practice the PID gain is observed by trial-error, making it difficult to obtain the optimal value of the PID. In this research, we proposed an intelligent method of Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA) in finding the optimal value of PID. The ICA is a smart method inspired by the competition in power struggles. ICA works based on the objective function, which minimizes Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE). From the results of ICA optimization obtained value Kp = 63.1087, Ki = 43.2682, Kd = 9.6038. Response system, among others, for the settling time of 5.8 and overshoot of -9.098e-05 to 1.111e-09 pu which is the smallest settling time and overshoot value.

Keywords
Wind-diesel; ICA algorithm; PID gain tuning; load frequency setting; overshoot response

How to cite:

Full Text:

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Submitted: 2017-06-01
Published: 2017-10-13
Section: Articles
Language: ID
Statistics: 311 167
  1. T. Bhatti, A. Al-Ademi, and N. Bansal, "Load frequency control of isolated wind diesel hybrid power systems," Energy conversion and management, vol. 38, pp. 829-837, 1997
  2. H. Junrui, H. Yuchun, and T. Wen, "Load frequency control of wind diesel hybrid power systems via predictive control," in Control Conference (CCC), 2012 31st Chinese, 2012, pp. 6698-6703
  3. M. S. Citraningrum, M. Ashari, and F. A. Pamuji, "Design of frequency control on hybrid wind-diesel with PID-firefly," in Electronics Symposium (IES), 2015 International, 2015, pp. 26-30
  4. S. Soedibyo, F. A. Pamuji, and M. Ashari, "Control Design of Wind Turbine System Using Fuzzy Logic Controller for Middle Voltage Grid," Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, vol. 13, pp. 476-482, 2015
  5. W. Tan and J. Zhang, "Load frequency control for wind-diesel hybrid systems," in Control Conference (CCC), 2011 30th Chinese, 2011, pp. 5126-5131
  6. M. R. Djalal, D. Ajiatmo, A. Imran, and I. Robandi, "Desain Optimal Kontroler PID Motor DC Menggunakan Cuckoo Search Algorithm," SENTIA 2015, vol. 7, 2015
  7. D. Lastomo, H. Setiadi, and M. R. Djalal, "Design Controller of Pendulum System using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm," Jurnal Intek Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang, vol. 4, pp. 53-59, 2017.
  8. M. R. Djalal, A. Imran, and I. Robandi, "Optimal placement and tuning power system stabilizer using Participation Factor and Imperialist Competitive Algorithm in 150 kV South of Sulawesi system," in Intelligent Technology and Its Applications (ISITIA), 2015 International Seminar on, 2015, pp. 147-152
  9. A. A. El-Fergany and M. A. El-Hameed, "Efficient frequency controllers for autonomous two-area hybrid microgrid system using social-spider optimiser," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 11, pp. 637-648, 2017
  10. R. Dhanalakshmi and S. Palaniswami, "ANFIS based Neuro-Fuzzy Controller in LFC of Wind-Micro Hydro-Diesel Hybrid Power System," International Journal of computer applications, vol. 42, pp. 28-35, 2012
  11. D. Lal, A. Barisal, and S. Nayak, "Load frequency control of wind diesel hybrid power system using DE algorithm," in Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO), 2016 10th International Conference on, 2016, pp. 1-6
  12. S. Siddik, A. S. Vinayagam, and R. Gopinath, "Load Frequency Control of a Hybrid Wind Diesel System Using Fuzzy Logic Control."
  13. Z. Abidin, "Pengaturan Frekuensi Beban Hibrid Turbin Angin Diesel Dengan Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika," Jurnal Teknika ISSN, vol. 2085, p. 0859, 2010
  14. S. A. Taher, M. H. Fini, and S. F. Aliabadi, "Fractional order PID controller design for LFC in electric power systems using imperialist competitive algorithm," Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 5, pp. 121-135, 2014
  15. F. Hunaini, I. Robandi, and N. Sutantra, "Lateral and Yaw Motion Control of the Vehicle Using Fuzzy Logic and PID Being Optimied by Firefly Algorithm," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 87, p. 16, 2016
  16. M. A. Fassamsi, "optimal tuning pid superconducting magnetic energy storage (smes) menggunakan imperialist competitive algorithm (ica) untuk meredam osilasi daya pada sistem kelistrikan jawa bali 500 kv," ed: Tugas Akhir, Teknik Elektro, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2010
  17. K. Ogata, Discrete-time control systems vol. 8: Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1995