Sistem Parkir Berbasis RFID dan Pengenalan Citra Pelat Nomor Kendaraan

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jtsiskom.5.3.2017.115-122
Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer

Article Metrics: (Click on the button below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 2017-03-10
Published: 2017-07-31
Section: Articles

The length of time in manually recording vehicle license plates in the parking system leads to long vehicle queues. This research developed automatic parking system based on RFID and vehicle plate number recognition. Authentication used a camera and Arduino Uno as the controller for RFID reading, feedback and gatekeeper control. The system will compare the characters image and RFID in the record of database to authorize a vehicle. Image processing was done by contour analysis method and had 91% in accuracy at 60 cm of distance and 131.89 milliseconds of reading speed. The system had been able to work to automatically open and close gates based on the match of RFID and vehicle plate number recognition.

Waktu yang lama saat pencatatan pelat nomor kendaraan secara manual di sistem parkir menimbulkan antrean. Penelitian ini mengembangkan sistem parkir otomatis berbasis RFID dan pengolahan citra pelat nomor kendaraan. Autentikasi menggunakan kamera untuk pengambil gambar pelat nomor dan Arduino Uno sebagai kontroler untuk pembaca RFID, pemberi umpan balik dan pembuka gerbang. Sistem akan membandingkan karakter citra dan RFID pada database untuk menentukan izin penggunaan kendaraan. Pengolahan citra menggunakan metode analisis kontur dan memiliki akurasi sebesar 91 % di jarak 60 cm dan kecepatan baca 131,89 milidetik. Sistem telah dapat bekerja untuk secara otomatis membuka dan menutup gerbang berdasarkan kecocokan kartu RFID dan pelat kendaraan.

Keywords

Analisis kontur; Arduino Uno; Pengolahan citra; RFID; Sistem parkir otomatis

  1. Eko Didik Widianto  Orcid Scopus Scholar Sinta
    Program Studi Sistem Komputer, Universitas Diponegoro , Indonesia
  2. Herrizal Muhammad Wijaya 
    Program Studi Sistem Komputer, Universitas Diponegoro , Indonesia
  3. Ike Pertiwi Windasari 
    Program Studi Sistem Komputer, Universitas Diponegoro , Indonesia

H. H. Rachmat, and G. A. Hutabarat, “Pemanfaatan Sistem RFID sebagai Pembatas Akses Ruangan,” Jurnal ELKOMIKA, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 27–39, 2014.

M. Chamdun, A. F. Rochim, and E. D. Widianto, "Sistem Keamanan Berlapis pada Ruangan Menggunakan RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) dan Keypad untuk Membuka Pintu Secara Otomatis," Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 187-194, 2014. [online]. doi:10.14710/jtsiskom.2.3.2014.187-194

E. Soni, K. Kaur, and A. Kumar, "Design And Development Of RFID Based Automated Car Parking System," The International Journal of Mathematics, Science, Technology and Management, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.6-8, 2013.

S. Santoso and M. Auliani, "Aplikasi Parkir Kendaraan Memanfaatkan Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)," in Prosiding SNaPP: Sains dan Teknologi 4, no. 1, pp. 405-410, 2014.

S. Wang, J. Tian, and D. Jia, "Research into a Wireless Smart Parking System", Chemical Engineering Transactions, vol. 46, 2015. [online]. doi:10.3303/CET1546041

R. Kurniawan, "Development of Electronic Parking System using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Technology in UMS Area," Skripsi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2014.

H. Kurniawan, R. Suhatman, and Y. E. Putra, "Aplikasi Sistem Parkir Mobil dengan Pemilihan Blok Parkir pada Pusat Perbelanjaan Menggunakan Radio Frequency Identification (Studi Kasus Parkiran Mall Ciputra Seraya Pekanbaru)," Jurnal Aksara Komputer Terapan, vol. 3, no. 2, 2014.

K. Sushma, P. R. Babu, and J. N. Reddy, "Reservation based vehicle parking system using GSM and RFID technology," International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 495-498, 2013.

M. Patil, and V. N. Bhonge, "Wireless Sensor Network and RFID for Smart Parking System," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 3, no. 4, pp.188-192, 2013.

D. Triyadi, "Sistem Otomatisasi Gerbang Dengan Pengolahan Citra Membaca Nomor Plat Kendaraan," Skripsi, Universitas Komputer Indonesia, 2014.

S. S. Wibisono, "Otomatisasi Sistem Keamanan Kendaraan Bermotor Berbasis Pengolahan Citra Pengenalan Karakter," Skripsi, Program Studi Teknik Elektro Unika Soegijapranata, 2014.

F. H. Elisya, R. D. Rahayani, and M. Diono, "Otomatisasi Gerbang Parkir Dengan Membaca Nomor Plat Kendaraan," Jurnal Aksara Elementer, vol. 5, no. 1, 2017.

R. V. Imbar, and R. Arianto, "Manajemen Parkir Menggunakan Mikrokontroler dan Pengenalan Citra Plat Nomor Kendaraan," Jurnal Informatika, vol. 10, no. 2, Desember 2014.

M. G. Gumelar, I. Fibriani, D. Setiabudi, and B. Supeno, "Analisis Sistem Pengenalan dan Keamanan Kriptografi Hill Cipher pada Plat Nomor Kendaraan Menggunakan Metode Template Matching," in Prosiding Seminar Nasional ReTII, Maret 2016.

F. Kurniawan, M. Shafry, M. Rahim, and N. Sholihah, “Characters Segmentation of Cursive Handwritten Words based on Contour Analysis and Neural Network Validation,” Journal of ICT Research and Applications, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2011.

H. Fitriawan, O. Pucu, Y. Baptista, "Identifikasi Plat Nomor Kendaraan Secara Off-line Berbasis Pengolahan Citra dan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan," Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Elektro, vol. 6, no. 2, Mei 2012.

D. Avianto, "Pengenalan Pola Karakter Plat Nomor Kendaraan Menggunakan Algoritma Momentum Backpropagation Neural Network", Jurnal Informatika, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan 2016.

RDM6300 125kHz Card Reader Module. [Online]. Available: http://wiki.iteadstudio.com/RDM6300. [Accessed: 3 Juli 2017]